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Drone Monitoring for Organic Farming Success

Drone Monitoring for Organic Farming Success

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Drone attendance for organic farmers
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including organic farmers | Learn more on Commonshare | are turning to drones as an efficient means of gaining different data-collection services.
Drone services
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Drones are gaining ground in agriculture, including and particularly organic agriculture because they offer considerable advances in the ability to plan and strategize. One of the key services drones provide is soil and field analysis, which is particularly useful for planning seed planting patterns, irrigation, and nitrogen-level management.  
Other services administered by drones include planting, crop monitoring, health assessment, and, at least for conventional agriculture, spraying. Drone-based planting systems, which shoot packets of seeds and nutrients into the ground, are far more efficient and save a great deal of time and expense.
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Drone monitoring companies
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Drone monitoring companies like Lithuania-based Ekoagros are helping organic growers to get a better picture of the health and productivity of their fields. This allows them to help farmers certify their land as ecologically friendly.
The keyway in which Ekoagros and other drone monitoring companies collect data has to do with monitoring near-infrared (NIR) light. Photons emitting in the near-infrared part of the spectrum bring the heat but not enough energy for a plant to carry out photosynthesis, so plants have evolved the ability to simply reflect this form of light instead.   
Monitoring method 
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By monitoring the differences between NIR and visible light, drones can produce a normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) | Learn more on Commonshare |, which shows areas of dense and sparse growth.
This method is particularly useful for helping organic growers to ascertain when a field has become too overgrown with weeds, a common problem in organic agriculture. The usual solution is to wait until the problem has become severe enough, and then spray conventional herbicide and wait a few years before returning the field to organic production.
Obtaining better data to maximize organic yields
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With drone monitoring, however, organic growers can obtain better data about precisely when a weed problem has grown large enough to warrant taking acreage out of organic production. This allows organic growers to maximize their organic yields by getting more organic production out of a field.
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Drones help farmers see where they need to focus on resources
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Understanding how plants are growing in a field can also help a farmer to understand when and where to deliver more water or nutrients. Fields are anything but uniform: they have differing drainage, and soil quality will be subject to variance even with modern tillage and fertilization methods. 

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