L’IATP (Institute for Agricultural and Commercial Policy) and theNGO Grain released a new report on Wednesday 18 July assessing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) of the meat and dairy sector by 2050 and analyzes how companies in the sector communicate about their footprint GHG.
Emissions from GHG for which the top five meat and dairy companies are responsible are already superior to those of Exxon, BP o Shell. These companies are: JBS (Brazil), Dairy Farmers of America, Tyson and Cargill (USA) and Fonterra (New Zealand) – If the growth of the meat and dairy sector continues at the currently projected pace, the sector could absorb, by 2050, over 80 % of “ budget ” annual greenhouse gas emissions compatible with limiting global warming to 1.5 ° C (i.e. 13 Gt of equivalent CO2).
With the exception of four companies which provide full estimates of their emissions GHG, the 35 largest companies in the sector are not transparent about their emissions and in particular those of their supply chain. The operations of the 35 largest companies in the sector are strongly concentrated in some countries: the United States, the countries ofEuropean UnionCanada, Brazil, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand and China are responsible for over 60 % of emissions GHG of the sector, with an average level of per capita consumption double that of the rest of the world.
For the authors, “ the largest meat and dairy companies are aiming for growth rates completely incompatible with the Paris agreement [sur le climat] “.